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Fundamentals of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics地球物理流体动力学基础

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ZM|(n&Y0Fundamentals of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics地球物理流体动力学基础水利图书I |;_&].w-E5P$_ F

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1B c@vN)|8@;GO0作  者: James C. McWilliams 著水利图书mR4nCRp.V7h6K

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出 版 社:

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0L0hh1y+[/y'j @ qAC0出版时间: 2006-7-1

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字  数:水利图书Q[0Z8T7t5t3_p

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页  数: 249水利图书 `in/j R*J

5^W| POl0印刷时间: 2006-7-1

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开  本: 16开

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印  次: 1水利图书R1O%e,Fd:C

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I S B N : 9780521856379

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所属分类: 图书 >> 进口原版书 >> 科学与技术 Science & Techology水利图书@3eLs]\ rM

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作者简介:James C. McWilliams is Louis B. Slichter Professor of Earth Sciences in the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California at Los Angeles.

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Earth's atmosphere and oceans exhibit complex patterns of fluid motion over a vast range of space and time scales. These patterns combine to establish the climate in response to solar radiation that is inhomogeneously absorbed by the materials comprising air, water, and land. Spontaneous, energetic variability arises from instabilities in the planetary-scale circulations, appearing in many different forms such as waves, jets, vortices, boundary layers, and turbulence. Geophysical fluid dynamics (GFD) is the science of all these types of fluid motion. This textbook is a concise and accessible introduction to GFD for intermediate to advanced students of the physics, chemistry, and/or biology of Earth's fluid environment. The book was developed from the author's many years of teaching a first-year graduate course at the University of California, Los Angeles. Readers are expected to be familiar with physics and mathematics at the level of general dynamics (mechanics) and partial differential equations.

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,a_nPS t(ZToL0目录水利图书He8ax rN.T

h"sW:W;N0Preface水利图书 p s(CL}$b%?&~

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Symbols水利图书/Tm1bK%pFh5q

f3}l;Lyc&M01 Purposes and value of geophysical fluid dynamics Fundamental dynamics

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*{ef%A;Ri&a @0 2.1 Fluid dynamics水利图书 AWu:\g

P JN0p#O'M,I0  2.1.1 Representations

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*XR4o_`1x8F^!P/e9_0  2.1.2 Governing equations水利图书6E8x#sO6|e*~

i~h8H#XM`7g| d0  2.1.3 Boundary and initial conditions

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N5i|-?2Q0  2.1.4 Energy conservation水利图书L l#J,^Oc$u5\(N

d0r$rUw0T0i;v0  2.1.5 Divergence, vorticity, and strain rate

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 2.2 Oceanic approximations水利图书:uf2|"GP

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  2.2.1 Mass and density

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  2.2.2 Momentum水利图书u7Gcv"D:f

P8x2^-u1LI9iQ0  2.2.3 Boundary conditions

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W^#X x|*~+c02.3 Atmospheric approximations

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w0HNowdBl0  2.3.1 Equation of state for an ideal gas水利图书E;?%E#l8FJ

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  2.3.2 A stratified resting state

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  2.3.3 Buoyancy oscillations and convection水利图书Dnj%_4n'xF;@1~

e.X%|.E.Zq0  2.3.4 Hydrostatic balance水利图书0aIzE[

@7K-C3_8]4w O&R0  2.3.5 Pressure coordinates水利图书(ZV0@@$wse

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2.4 Earth's rotation

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E*X3^N7N p0  2.4.1 Rotating coordinates

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.TB7}&iQ%R2P0  2.4.2 Geostrophic balance水利图书 y$z6M;_ n!l:m:q

n ]/I#mm3y"Nr0  2.4.3 Inertial oscillations

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Te?6\x"s f3g$XT$F8Z03 Barotropic and vortex dynamics

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3.1 Barotropic equations水利图书 V*{7oc'{/Q/l

PQBH%T3P4O R$p0  3.1.1 Circulation水利图书M'bl2g0u2{V2r M

e*N$W!x d8L)I x0  3.1.2 Vorticity and potential vorticity水利图书g`.UA Yu[ J

9]7BNO$Q1^wDc8s0  3.1.3 Divergence and diagnostic force balance

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  3.1.4 Stationary, inviscid flows水利图书"~2\!c1^#q6B

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 3.2 Vortex movement

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3R_+Rpb0  3.2.1 Point vortices水利图书,o4zZw'LL.\yA

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  3.2.2 Chaos and limits of predictability水利图书E5~qi&G;~ {t A

:t8q)R9s^N~7x0 3.3 Barotropic and centrifugal instability水利图书n.^ M%C"c;~sY&S2f

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  3.3.1 Rayleigh's criterion for vortex stability

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  3.3.2 Centrifugal instability

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 3.4 Eddy-mean interaction

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6STi/B8v `0 3.5 Eddy viscosity and diffusion

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.B5k#V,J%a rS0 3.6 Emergence of coherent vortices

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:F;X:A2Oa$T3L vk3L0 3.7 Two-dimensional turbulence

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4 Rotating shallow-water and wave dynamics

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)k3l^`-I9\s0 4.1 Rotating shallow-water equations

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|&NB!K/i\,w nI0  4.1.1 Integral and parcel invariants

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M9ZHwi#dtK B0 4.2 Linear wave solutions水利图书E[~4M;Ki? n3E

R!sI0L#U4Igi q&P |0  4.2.1 Geostrophic mode水利图书{(f A5KO1] H)?Y

;M,k,tz|RI0  4.2.2 Inertia-gravity waves

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  4.2.3 Kelvin waves水利图书Mzp!H;e*a al!|O

8N?#J.N2QS+v6YB0 4.3 Geostrophic adjustment

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"X(s)n:y*Ej"ny+R0 4.4 Gravity wave steepening: bores and breakers水利图书2g@R(ja

] Up]$\7Y%s m"g0 4.5 Stokes drift and material transport水利图书 eS*K dQ I

z MmD%z5c+m4O!{0 4.6 Quasigeostrophy

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 4.7 Rossby waves

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v7C(H?1NRI} S%s9H0  4.8.1 Vortex propagation on the/3-plane

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  4.8.2 Eastern boundary Kelvin wave

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5 Baroclinic and jet dynamics水利图书W[T2vM_4ut

YG\ m(w0 5.1 Layered hydrostatic model

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  5.1.1 Two-layer equations

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  5.1.2 N-layer equations水利图书4ERL+R4\8rKf%t

3]Z:m0[v'So:}0  5.1.3 Vertical modes水利图书,c"nSg/P5z6J*I m

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5KU q%r+t)n U/F Y06. Boundary-layer and wind-gyre dynamics

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?6d B2]b)`0Afterword

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*[i%vGr0_0DwV0Exercises

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v7l"Nm6F w$`0Bibliography

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&c9F#T,[tN0Index

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