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Fundamentals of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics地球物理流体动力学基础

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Fundamentals of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics地球物理流体动力学基础水利图书H2a ?+O8W0D&Ks

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M bM0Eykv dy0作  者: James C. McWilliams 著水利图书W{c0HL

/QZbstX ?0出 版 社:

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]9o$Ul]0出版时间: 2006-7-1

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版  次: 1

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5weR _+M?? y u0页  数: 249水利图书]9z?l \ ^L/tCZ

-m*O@cQ0印刷时间: 2006-7-1

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4T J(W_oz2m7|0开  本: 16开

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I S B N : 9780521856379

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包  装: 挂图

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所属分类: 图书 >> 进口原版书 >> 科学与技术 Science & Techology

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tGW r)pY0作者简介:James C. McWilliams is Louis B. Slichter Professor of Earth Sciences in the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California at Los Angeles.

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1LWh3[/EJ g0Earth's atmosphere and oceans exhibit complex patterns of fluid motion over a vast range of space and time scales. These patterns combine to establish the climate in response to solar radiation that is inhomogeneously absorbed by the materials comprising air, water, and land. Spontaneous, energetic variability arises from instabilities in the planetary-scale circulations, appearing in many different forms such as waves, jets, vortices, boundary layers, and turbulence. Geophysical fluid dynamics (GFD) is the science of all these types of fluid motion. This textbook is a concise and accessible introduction to GFD for intermediate to advanced students of the physics, chemistry, and/or biology of Earth's fluid environment. The book was developed from the author's many years of teaching a first-year graduate course at the University of California, Los Angeles. Readers are expected to be familiar with physics and mathematics at the level of general dynamics (mechanics) and partial differential equations.水利图书P8Cp K&[`0g

g?S*uj0l-C0目录

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-|#e*n U8XN0Preface

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Symbols水利图书\1mef0Y QxA+^

%xd{5EU]:B6HJ01 Purposes and value of geophysical fluid dynamics Fundamental dynamics

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1}uu5FZ+Q0 2.1 Fluid dynamics

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%_~ V+fj+dj0  2.1.1 Representations水利图书:X-~"R+B M2xe[q

NCNxmkrK0  2.1.2 Governing equations

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%\p3P.\(l0  2.1.3 Boundary and initial conditions

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  2.1.4 Energy conservation水利图书z q/^(Z,od&GQ

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  2.1.5 Divergence, vorticity, and strain rate

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 2.2 Oceanic approximations水利图书*RBqA\ A

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  2.2.1 Mass and density

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  2.2.2 Momentum水利图书_&h0O6p`.Oa;eN}@

6t8L5?? @0  2.2.3 Boundary conditions

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.k4uOD _ DI02.3 Atmospheric approximations

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vUQ"? l Ap'o:o0  2.3.1 Equation of state for an ideal gas水利图书5X$I~;I&rSz4N!x

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  2.3.2 A stratified resting state

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&gl4l6D0Y Ut0  2.3.3 Buoyancy oscillations and convection

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GhgSR'g6QS0  2.3.4 Hydrostatic balance

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  2.3.5 Pressure coordinates

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wb a'vV?8_#qA02.4 Earth's rotation水利图书2R5t-\AVJ

,h!`rw(iA0  2.4.1 Rotating coordinates水利图书$| D^qw-B }

i5s#_)I*_Nw^qjp0  2.4.2 Geostrophic balance

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  2.4.3 Inertial oscillations

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3Al8{_^rD s03 Barotropic and vortex dynamics水利图书 f:`Wo`GG s.g

+w9Qp1J:h`1D0A(y03.1 Barotropic equations

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  3.1.1 Circulation

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  3.1.2 Vorticity and potential vorticity

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Jo8q U#Z ?U:E3a0  3.1.3 Divergence and diagnostic force balance水利图书 A5toCp8EiS

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  3.1.4 Stationary, inviscid flows水利图书VL-h|+WH,K

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 3.2 Vortex movement

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  3.2.1 Point vortices水利图书 z{:Ebdk

iRGCB'\.D/Q0  3.2.2 Chaos and limits of predictability

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 3.3 Barotropic and centrifugal instability水利图书 R1_/l-Dr3di6`0c@

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  3.3.1 Rayleigh's criterion for vortex stability水利图书9qc[7F)e4J3Y

y(u4|!M@0  3.3.2 Centrifugal instability

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g;\3ie Y0  3.3.3 Barotropic instability of parallel flows

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 3.4 Eddy-mean interaction

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&L2V3Sz k|s,[7v0 3.5 Eddy viscosity and diffusion

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 3.6 Emergence of coherent vortices

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 3.7 Two-dimensional turbulence水利图书,{ iB6B3^-v,SiRq

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4 Rotating shallow-water and wave dynamics水利图书'\"d`g Mffka

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 4.1 Rotating shallow-water equations

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:a}I;p^ Cf0  4.1.1 Integral and parcel invariants水利图书P S)v'|XLu/b2_

Nakw G0 4.2 Linear wave solutions

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  4.2.1 Geostrophic mode

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Q5n#daOJ4gg0  4.2.2 Inertia-gravity waves

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  4.2.3 Kelvin waves

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p'h6c+a_hH0 4.3 Geostrophic adjustment

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B5M I8]1`z0 4.4 Gravity wave steepening: bores and breakers

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 4.5 Stokes drift and material transport

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 4.6 Quasigeostrophy

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 4.7 Rossby waves

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1I$zSG+f7s*n6L0  4.8.1 Vortex propagation on the/3-plane

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  4.8.2 Eastern boundary Kelvin wave水利图书:i#f)a'iZ;g]

{%y3D7Rv}lH05 Baroclinic and jet dynamics

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 5.1 Layered hydrostatic model水利图书JGfwpI,vr6{

)q"iv ]1dg0  5.1.1 Two-layer equations

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m { zb.mq4t%m0  5.1.2 N-layer equations水利图书#zb M+l/\9N9g:E

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  5.1.3 Vertical modes水利图书&|)_{ Lg,t|

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ZbX3l!E06. Boundary-layer and wind-gyre dynamics

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&@i+x?HO"i!K0Afterword

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o R"J5{ \y'D0Exercises水利图书5YcK7J&@x%]+u1Q

:|%W*A vw`^;s0Bibliography水利图书p.T%c TS7b#\!vg

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