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Fundamentals of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics地球物理流体动力学基础

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TxJ"i5RdeT,H0ID0Fundamentals of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics地球物理流体动力学基础水利图书7Z%Wr6?L8]2t

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作  者: James C. McWilliams 著

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出 版 社:

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出版时间: 2006-7-1水利图书ki)k\J$k"i8Vg

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版  次: 1

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页  数: 249

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k tZk r0印刷时间: 2006-7-1

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开  本: 16开水利图书;H"gIWP"Z(@

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I S B N : 9780521856379水利图书(kt q~a

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6J/qw,`+I0所属分类: 图书 >> 进口原版书 >> 科学与技术 Science & Techology

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作者简介:James C. McWilliams is Louis B. Slichter Professor of Earth Sciences in the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California at Los Angeles.水利图书)\@UgO_q

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6l&D%`E4?!X jfI!m0Earth's atmosphere and oceans exhibit complex patterns of fluid motion over a vast range of space and time scales. These patterns combine to establish the climate in response to solar radiation that is inhomogeneously absorbed by the materials comprising air, water, and land. Spontaneous, energetic variability arises from instabilities in the planetary-scale circulations, appearing in many different forms such as waves, jets, vortices, boundary layers, and turbulence. Geophysical fluid dynamics (GFD) is the science of all these types of fluid motion. This textbook is a concise and accessible introduction to GFD for intermediate to advanced students of the physics, chemistry, and/or biology of Earth's fluid environment. The book was developed from the author's many years of teaching a first-year graduate course at the University of California, Los Angeles. Readers are expected to be familiar with physics and mathematics at the level of general dynamics (mechanics) and partial differential equations.

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目录

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Preface水利图书 DV,O`9l6]

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Symbols

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f1r] i@.i01 Purposes and value of geophysical fluid dynamics Fundamental dynamics水利图书M fGQ2i.C;I

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 2.1 Fluid dynamics

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(reh-b\.e@8z0  2.1.1 Representations

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n F z4iH~ N?|a0  2.1.2 Governing equations

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'u:BIuy0  2.1.3 Boundary and initial conditions

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  2.1.4 Energy conservation

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  2.1.5 Divergence, vorticity, and strain rate

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 2.2 Oceanic approximations水利图书,F7V0LgrJ f

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  2.2.1 Mass and density

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|m)B3Up2G0  2.2.2 Momentum水利图书/[$pI!s8i

6{3^9cH0{6gZ1{0  2.2.3 Boundary conditions

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2.3 Atmospheric approximations

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;O H7t%im N&C(~0  2.3.1 Equation of state for an ideal gas

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,lC5Z.^3l-RFG wj |l0  2.3.2 A stratified resting state水利图书DK#T Fs@.C T

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  2.3.3 Buoyancy oscillations and convection

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v P,W#_D1v Fu0  2.3.4 Hydrostatic balance

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  2.3.5 Pressure coordinates水利图书-M|z x(Fj^C

(O"_4Kc e[#b02.4 Earth's rotation

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  2.4.1 Rotating coordinates

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l9Ei gd0  2.4.2 Geostrophic balance

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  2.4.3 Inertial oscillations

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1EQro U03 Barotropic and vortex dynamics

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8AIb:C v,[FO03.1 Barotropic equations

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2NTbn#|H,r `b0  3.1.1 Circulation水利图书 _0q"f(tOgT

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  3.1.2 Vorticity and potential vorticity

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  3.1.3 Divergence and diagnostic force balance

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z7H9k0p"q1G0  3.1.4 Stationary, inviscid flows

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8K:B:O7|Ml0P H0 3.2 Vortex movement水利图书/T'TI|{1C

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  3.2.1 Point vortices水利图书,f)G$oC2aR!E'u`

)NZunm\ nR0  3.2.2 Chaos and limits of predictability

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 3.3 Barotropic and centrifugal instability

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6pf,{v)b9u0  3.3.1 Rayleigh's criterion for vortex stability

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n{-[;R"fR2{9k;EG0  3.3.2 Centrifugal instability水利图书/L-I][#k;_

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  3.3.3 Barotropic instability of parallel flows水利图书f;L3yl1tN/M~g8e

6F,WLCW0 3.4 Eddy-mean interaction水利图书xI`0@\ ].H8|H0K

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 3.5 Eddy viscosity and diffusion水利图书;q:|Vr@L?&F@ ^

G%l SGO._$p8p0 3.6 Emergence of coherent vortices水利图书 Jo$j&q q?

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 3.7 Two-dimensional turbulence

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&]/u a/vK@"F04 Rotating shallow-water and wave dynamics

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z8MjhQ't R[0 4.1 Rotating shallow-water equations

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  4.1.1 Integral and parcel invariants

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 4.2 Linear wave solutions

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  4.2.1 Geostrophic mode

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2lo}7nJ0  4.2.2 Inertia-gravity waves

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  4.2.3 Kelvin waves

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nF+Tp7B&K^0 4.3 Geostrophic adjustment

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 4.4 Gravity wave steepening: bores and breakers水利图书y0r&IL^/d0^;W

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 4.5 Stokes drift and material transport

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]K~)d8[6H*a0 4.6 Quasigeostrophy水利图书4Xjj4j2];J\vH|

C8P z+k6ko BDJ0 4.7 Rossby waves水利图书_b Lm7{5{ ].n

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 4.8 Rossby-wave emission水利图书-BM6e?%k(w9K!O

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  4.8.1 Vortex propagation on the/3-plane水利图书)h`#h9id9o*g

H*^qB&g0  4.8.2 Eastern boundary Kelvin wave

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5 Baroclinic and jet dynamics

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 5.1 Layered hydrostatic model水利图书c X'L S;S"|*l

.f n]q[Q#Pc0  5.1.1 Two-layer equations水利图书D Z]4],}{

O8cV3g)iY[-g7E W0  5.1.2 N-layer equations水利图书0M3Y;Md4d

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  5.1.3 Vertical modes

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+k;u rk o:f2bv06. Boundary-layer and wind-gyre dynamics水利图书Q1DYX)bQ S Iw6m:f

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Afterword

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Exercises

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