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An Introduction to Ocean Turbulence海洋湍流引论

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An Introduction to Ocean Turbulence海洋湍流引论水利图书+h\:cd]

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j YY%OA^f+_$c4jz0作  者: S. A. Thorpe 著

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出 版 社:水利图书B*M0I&?{%|Q9@D4r

5q8HI QY![&m p(`;a0出版时间: 2007-11-1

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字  数:水利图书v `7l%^5qH u Sv c

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页  数: 240

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印刷时间: 2007-11-1

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O$A:w#W%U"S-K.C0I S B N : 9780521676809水利图书*W)P c OD

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所属分类: 图书 >> 进口原版书 >> 科学与技术 Science & Techology

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5i$B|,}8~ n0内容简介

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This textbook provides an introduction to turbulent motion occurring naturally in the ocean on scales ranging from millimetres to hundreds of kilometres. It describes turbulence in the mixed boundary layers at the sea surface and seabed, turbulent motion in the density-stratified water between, and the energy sources that support and sustain ocean mixing. Little prior knowledge of physical oceanography is assumed. The text is supported by numerous figures, extensive further reading lists, and more than 50 exercises that are graded in difficulty. Detailed solutions to the exercises are available to instructors online at www.cambridge.org/9780521859486. This textbook is intended for undergraduate courses in physical oceanography, and all students interested in multidisciplinary aspects of how the ocean works, from the shoreline to the deep abyssal plains. It also forms a useful lead-in to the author's more advanced graduate textbook, The Turbulent Ocean (Cambridge University Press, 2005).水利图书9o.w_] g

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  Steve Thorpe was a Senior Scholar at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he studied mathematics and fluid mechanics, his PhD being awarded in 1966. He then spent 20 years at the UK Institute of Oceanographic Science, before being appointed Professor of Oceanography at Southampton University in 1986. He has made laboratory experiments on internal waves and turbulent mixing, and has measured and developed instrumental and analytical methods for studying waves and mixing in lakes, as well as making seagoing studies of turbulence in the boundary layers of the deep ocean and shelf seas. Professor Thorpe was awarded the Walter Munk Award by the US Office of Naval Research and the Oceanography Society for his work on underwater acoustics, the Fridtjof Nansen medal of the European Geophysical Society for his fundamental experimental and theoretical contributions to the study of mixing and internal waves, and the Society's Golden Badge for introducing a scheme to assist young scientists. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1991 and is now an Emeritus Professor at the University of Southampton and an Honorary Professor at the School of Ocean Sciences, Bangor.

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}%Pu(Ase;s0目录

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Preface

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|!f'_'_ W:T0 Notes on the text水利图书 NGSt/X\'C

^`Xh3I9V'rK0 Acknowledgements水利图书 wQ!bp-]1Nx

)i5nS5N:p-l0ZR&W0 Abbreviations水利图书7@Ii:Pzi ^,N1l

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 Standard parameters and symbols水利图书o2w,?Y-or|7T

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 Units and their symbols水利图书mX8\{D?

/nM8S#g'Ot[0 SI prefixes水利图书 v.Xd#F X#s3x

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 Approximate values of commonly used measures

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1 Turbulence, heat and waves水利图书M1k'Sa&V

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 1.1 Introduction

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 1.2 Reynolds' experiment

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9VT/V?m6rm E X0 1.3 Joule's experiment水利图书.`;m0DOim:O:MJ7` P p

^P]O#ubBh9w2_#u0 1.4 The surf zone: waves and turbulence

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l9aDQ9\9v0 1.5 The nature of turbulent flow水利图书.@a!x_2o [

Cd9F#vV0J D$J.a0  1.5.1 Stirring + diffusion = mixing

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)@/@lF NU p;^0  1.5.2 Entrainment and detrainment

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 1.6 Shear, convergence and strain水利图书RNsd R@(u

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 1.7 Ocean stratification and buoyancy

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  1.7.1 Density

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  1.7.2 Buoyancy, and the buoyancy frequency, N

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  1.7.3 The oceanic density profile

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CJ1k;}\ lBA7I0 1.8 Consequences of stratification

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  1.8.1 Internal waves and turbulent motion

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S`(Zz(]/X |5{0  1.8.2 Isopycnal and diapycnal mixing水利图书e'y)A ~*F!J A'D}2e

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  Suggested further reading水利图书z };B2X/W1]]U4V

#s Ix8C.k0  Further study

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  Problems for Chapter 1水利图书(X3O MQ6RSC-I

k N2G#aA O02 Measurement of ocean turbulence水利图书h(p%b my A

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 2.1 Characteristics of turbulence水利图书L`r4R2e ^Y y3k+g

Q,W:`Z-JM-pJi0  2.1.1 Structure水利图书C5~$c2Xa

QaP]c.ZD0y0  2.1.2 Stress and flux水利图书d p%f,^ Rw;U^S

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  2.1.3 Dissipation水利图书kwx6b&I@k

'U[v-df0 2.2 Transport by eddies水利图书sd,X~]$h{

%K7X)xX5emh0  2.2.1 Reynolds stress水利图书I gFM4e9Y(U

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  2.2.2 Heat and buoyancy flux水利图书g'le$w q~

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 2.3 Energetics水利图书-mq"c&e D5_o

2I&@OW,wt2Z6J0  2.3.1 Turbulent dissipation, e, and isotropy

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  2.3.2 The range and observed variation of

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  2.3.3 The rate of loss of temperature variance, XT水利图书3A&\1[^"e0x%d~

!~\X's2[Z~5o-?S\R0  2.3.4 The Kolmogorov length scale, lK水利图书Wp[&x7[Wo)L3Aa|

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  2.3.5 The turbulence cascade and the structure of turbulence

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:F k.u-x/x#E$qm&]0  2.3.6 The Taylor hypothesis and the spectrum of turbulent energy

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2.4 The terms in the energy balance equation

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  2.4.1 The rate of production of turbulent kinetic energy by the mean flow水利图书@t)po-N8K/w@;E

m W"ore0ea DYKn0  2.4.2 The turbulent potential energy水利图书1^B$U6P6[

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  2.4.3 The rate of dissipation水利图书$Gy;T?^3i*S

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2.5 Measurement techniques and instruments

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  2.5.1 The first measurements of turbulence: spectra

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7Ls-H*tx h6f7yy!W W0  2.5.2 The air-foil probe: the measurement of

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  2.5.3 First measurements of Reynolds stress, and the related dissipation per unit area水利图书 `&\A"^V8[

2H*r'a rB_,mO0  2.5.4 Estimates of Reynolds stress and e using an ADCP水利图书`/Z"o9?z ]

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  Suggested further reading水利图书m6l _SSg3x!EO/T,V

d(~9buj+C5nt0  Further study

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  Problems for Chapter 2

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3 Turbulence in oceanic boundary layers水利图书y{#F dk/Js}

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3.1 Introduction: processes, and types of boundary layers水利图书g6o!PG.R |'Cu

q5U~t@-K03.2 Convection in the absence of shear水利图书8?h c Q H

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  3.2.1 Convection below a cooled surface or over a heated seabed水利图书@~lY t4S$[L2]

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  3.2.2 Buoyant plumes and entrainment

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3.3 Stress and no convection; the law of the wall水利图书7~ D&cKj7h)`v

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3.4 Stress and buoyancy flux水利图书*q7w%wiU:F2Q/Y

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  3.4.1 The Monin-Obukov length scale水利图书_ z.\ J4d*j-cP

G rPcl{1rm0  3.4.2 Diurnal and seasonal heat cycling of the mixed layer

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  3.4.3 Other mixing processes in the upper ocean

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  3.4.4 The benthic (or bottom) boundary layer

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  3.4.5 Tidal mixing and straining in shallow seas

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*L]/[8|1@'QYL0  Suggested further reading水利图书$f3v}8A)U:^i

C^7q f7K9h,W0  Further study

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n$e0X:\$msi0  Problems for Chapter 3

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4 Turbulence in the ocean pycnocline

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5 Turbulent dispersion水利图书F-Y3p:F*x,o

g,q[9A&g06 The energetics of ocean mixing水利图书~rd#{C4eV%V i4z(hg0`

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